What is Biophilic Design and Why Should We Incorporate It?

Biophilic Design

Wanting to reduce employee stress, boost productivity and begin to help UK businesses save some of the £29 billion a year paid in sick leave?

What if we told you this is all possible using a method of design – Biophilic Interior Design.

Let’s take a good, long look at Biophilic Interior Design and how it can transform the fortunes of your office and its occupants.

What is Biophilic Design?

Biophilia means ‘love of nature’. Specifically, it refers to an innate attraction human beings have for the natural world, its forms and its processes. It hints to the affinity humans have developed for organic surroundings over the thousands of years spent living in forests, mountains, deserts and coastal areas.

The term was brought to prominence in the 1980s by Edward O Wilson, a psychologist who observed that urbanisation was leading to increased disconnection with the natural world. Wilson noted that as more people migrated to cities throughout the world, biophilic principles would become important to maintain health and wellbeing.

Biophilic design places this principle front and centre and approaches things with a human-centric eye, prioritising the incorporation of natural elements into all aspects of design. The philosophy is successful in architectural, interior, commercial and domestic design with an emphasis on improving health and well-being via biomimicry in the built environment.

Benefits of Biophilic Design

35 years of study has shown a direct benefit to businesses, organisations and schools – simply by incorporating nature into the built environment. Here are just a few:

  • Productivity in the office can be increased by 8% and wellbeing by 13% with reductions in absenteeism and presenteeism.
  • Guests of the hospitality sector are willing to pay up to 23% more for a room with a view of natural elements.
  • Students in schools saw 20-25% improved test results, concentration levels and attendance as well as improvements in behaviour of students with ADHD.
  • Pain medication requests in the health sector were reduced by 22% and post-operative recovery rates improved 8.5%.
  • Rental rates on retail spaces were worth more because customers were willing to pay up to 8-12% more for goods and services.
  • In the home, biophilic elements and rural settings are calming with 7-8% lower crime rates. Access to nature also adds 4-5% to the value of your home.
Biophillic Design at Office Workplace
Biophillic office Design Graphics by Spectrum Interiors

Implementing Biophilic Design in Your Workplace

To implement biophilic design to great effect, it’s important to understand how the effects can be achieved. Namely, biophilic interior design can be achieved through direct or indirect experience of nature.

Direct experiences include:

  • Air
  • Animals
  • Natural landscapes and ecosystems
  • Plants
  • Water
  • Weather


Indirect experiences include:

  • Aged patinas
  • Biomimicry
  • Cultural attachments to objects
  • Evoking nature
  • Images of nature
  • Natural materials
  • Natural colours, i.e. a wide palette of greens and blues
  • Natural geometries
  • Simulating natural light and air


Space and place must also be considered with contrasting areas of busyness and refuge, organised complexity and transitional spaces that merge the contrasting elements.

Impact of Biophilic Design in the Modern World

By 2020 The World Health Organisation predicted that stress related illness, such as mental health disorders and cardiovascular disease, will be the largest contributing factors to premature deaths in the UK. With fewer naturally oriented spaces than ever before, it is getting harder to find opportunities to replenish our mental and physical faculties.

By incorporating biophilic design, it is suggested that natural elements in the built environment will help to lower the heart rates and stress levels of those within and improve self-reported well-being scores. Secondary effects include increased productivity and creativity for businesses as a whole.

View this case study to see how simple yet effective biophilic design can be.

Spectrum Interiors is a premier office refurbishment company with years of experience in facilitating businesses to express their unique brand with cutting edge interior design. Our knowledgeable team offer a turnkey service from consultation through to design and implementation. By the end of our process, you’ll have an office space to be proud of and one that will have clients coming back for more. Contact our team and we’ll be happy to begin transforming your space today.

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